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Faculty names in bold
*Current or former PBC graduate student

2022 Publications

2021 Publications

2020 Publications

2019 Publications

To access publicly available MS theses from Plant Biology and Conservation, visit Northwestern Libraries Arch

To access PhD dissertations from Plant Biology and Conservation, visit Proquest and search for “plant biology and conservation” (using the quotes in your search), and filter by Institution and choose Northwestern University

Selected Publications: 2022

Richardson, L. K., and S. Wagenius. 2022. Fire influences reproductive outcomes by modifying flowering phenology and mate-availability. New Phytologist 233:2083-2093.

Faust, M.N.A.M. Iler. 2022. Pollinator-mediated reproductive consequences of altered co-flowering under climate change conditions depend on abiotic context. Climate Change Ecology 3: 100043

Bechen, L.L., M.G. Johnson, G.T. Broadhead, R.A. Levin, R.P. Overson, T. Jogesh, J.B. Fant, R.A. Raguso, K.A. Skogen, N.J. Wickett. 2022. Differential gene expression associated with a floral scent polymorphism in the evening primrose Oenothera harringtonii (Onagraceae). 2022. BMC Genomics 23, 124

Herrera, F., Testo, W., Field, A., Clark, E., Herendeen, P.S., Crane, P.R., and Shi, G. 2022. A permineralized Early Cretaceous lycopsid from China and the evolution of crown clubmosses. New Phytologist.

Herendeen, P.S., D.B.O.S. Cardoso, F. Herrera, S.L.Wing. 2022. Fossil papilionoids of the Bowdichia clade (Leguminosae) from the Paleogene of North America. American Journal of Botany 109(1): 130-150.

Selected Publications: 2021


Dong, C., G. Shi; F. Herrera; Y. Wang; Z. Wang; B. Zhang; X. Xu; P. S. Herendeen; P. R. Crane. 2021. Leaves of Taxus with cuticle micromorphology from the Early Cretaceous of eastern Inner Mongolia, Northeast China. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 298: 104588.


Patsis, A., R. Overson, K. Skogen, N. Wickett, M. Johnson, W. Wagner, R. Raguso, J. Fant, and R. Levin. 2021. Elucidating the evolutionary history of Oenothera Sect. Pachylophus (Onagraceae): A phylogenetic approach. Systematic Botany. 46(3):799-811.

Iler, A. M., P. T. Humphrey, J. E. Ogilvie, and P. J. CaraDonna. 2021. Conceptual and practical issues limit the utility of statistical estimators of phenological events. Ecosphere 00(00):e03828. 10.1002/ecs2.3828


Barak, RS, Z Ma, L Brudvig, and K Havens. 2021. Factors influencing seed mix design for prairie restoration. Restoration Ecology (Online early, DOI:

Adamson, C.P. and A.M. Iler. 2021. Open-top chambers reduce animal pollination of two subalpine herbs. Journal of Pollination Ecology 29: 231–239.

Ernst A, Barak R, Hipp A, Kramer AT, Marx H, Larkin D (2021) The invasion paradox dissolves when using phylogenetic and temporal perspectives. Journal of Ecology (

Gavin-Smyth, N., Kramer, A. T., Urbina-Casanova, R., Vitt, P., & Fant, J. B. (2021). Genetic rescue reduces mate limitation in a threatened, clonal, and self-incompatible plant species. Restoration Ecology, 1–9.  s

Kilgore S, Havens K, Kramer AT, Lythgoe A, Mackechnie L, De Vitis M(2021) Seed collection, storage, and germination practices may impact Viola reintroduction outcomes. Native Plants Journal (in press - no DOI yet)  PBC student (now alum) 

Thomas Abeli,…Marcello De Vitis, …et al.  (2021) IDPlanT: the Italian database of plant translocation, Plant Biosystems - An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology, DOI: 10.1080/11263504.2021.1985004

Diaz-Martin, Z., and J. Karubian. Forest cover at landscape scales increases male and female gametic diversity of palm seedlings. Molecular Ecology. 30:4353–4367. DOI:10.1111/mec.16060

Ndem‐Galbert, J. R., Hall, J., McDonnell, A. J., & Martine, C. T. (2021). Differential reward in “male” versus “female” pollen of functionally dioecious Solanum. American Journal of Botany.


Endres, K.L., Morozumi, C.N., Loy, X., H.M. Briggs, P.J. CaraDonna, A.M. Iler, D. Picklum, W. Barr, & B. Brosi. Plant–pollinator interaction niche broadens in response to severe drought perturbations. Oecologia (2021).

Ksiazek-Mikenas, K., Chaudhary, B. Larkin, D., and K. Skogen. A habitat analog approach establishes native plant communities on green roofs. Ecosphere. 12(9): e03754

Lamb, N, Havens, K, Holloway, J, Steffen, JF, Zeldin, J, Kramer, AT (2021) Low passive restoration potential following invasive woody species removal in oak woodlands. Restoration Ecology (online early:  PBC student (now alum)


Kucera, KF, Fant, JB, Jensen, S, Landeen, M, Orr, E, Kramer, AT. 2021. Genetic variation and structure change when producing and using mixed-source seed lots for restoration. Restoration Ecology (online early DOI: 10.1111/rec.13521)  PBC student (now alum)


Gardner, E.M., M. Garner, R. Cowan, S. Dodsworth, N. Epitawalage, O. Maurin, D. Arifiani, S. Sahromi, W.J. Baker, F. Forest, N.J.C. Zerega, A.K. Monro, A.L. Hipp. 2021. Repeated parallel losses of inflexed stamens in Moraceae: phylogenomics and generic revision of the tribe Moreae and the reinstatement of the tribe Olmedieae (Moraceae). Taxon 

Wenzell, K. E., A. J. McDonnell°, N. J. Wickett, J. B. Fant, and K. A. Skogen. 2021. Incomplete reproductive isolation and low genetic differentiation despite floral divergence across varying geographic scales in Castilleja. American Journal of Botany 108(7): 1–19. Open Access.

Jerome DK, WK Petry, KA Mooney, AM Iler. 2021. Snowmelt timing acts independently and in conjunction with temperature accumulation to drive subalpine plant phenology. Global Change Biology 27: 5054–5069. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.15803

Shackelford, N., G. Paterno, K. Suding, and 74 others, including A.T. Kramer. 2021. Drivers of seedling establishment success in dryland restoration efforts. Nature Ecology and Evolution. https://doi:10.1038/s41559-021-01510-3.


Gravendyck, J., R.A. Fensome, M.J. Head, P.S. Herendeen, J.B. Riding, J.B. Bachelier, and N.J. Turland. 2021. Taxonomy and nomenclature in palaeopalynology: basic principles, current challenges and future perspectives. Palynology 45: 717-743.

Iler, A.M., A.S. Walwema, H. Steltzer, A. Blázquez-Castro. (in press) Can flowers affect land surface albedo and soil microclimates?  International Journal of Biometeorology DOI: 10.1007/s00484-021-02159-0

Gruver, A.M. and P.J. CaraDonna. 2021. Chicago Bees: Urban Areas Support Diverse Bee Communities but With More Non-Native Bee Species Compared to Suburban Areas. Environmental Entomology.

Nordstrom, S.W., A.B. Dykstra & and S. Wagenius. 2021. Fires slow population declines of a long-lived prairie plant through multiple vital rates. Oecologia 196, 679–691.


Gardner, E.M., M.G. Johnson, J.T. Pereira, A.S.A. Puad, D. Arifiani, Sahromi, N.J. Wickett, and N.J.C. Zerega. 2021. Paralogs and off-target sequences improve phylogenetic resolution in a densely-sampled study of the breadfruit genus (Artocarpus, Moraceae). Systematic Biology syaa073, 

Shi, G., F. Herrera°, P.S. Herendeen, E.G. Clark and P.R. Crane. 2021. The cupules of Mesozoic seed plants and the origin of the angiosperm second integument. Nature 594: 223-227.


Gardner, E.M., L. Audi, Q. Zhang, H. Sauquet, A.K. Monro, and N.J.C. Zerega. 2021Phylogenomics of Brosimum Sw. (Moraceae) and allied genera, including a revised subgeneric system. Taxon.    

Matsunaga K.K.S., Herendeen P.S., HerreraF., Ichinnorov N., Crane P.R., Shi G. 2021. Ovulate cones of Schizolepidopsis ediae sp. nov. provide insights into the evolution of Pinaceae. International Journal of Plant Sciences. DOI: 10.1086/714281

Giraldo A., HerreraF., Labandeira C., Carvalho M.R. 2021. Rich and specialized plant-insect associations in a middle-late Paleocene (58–60 Ma) Neotropical rainforest (Bogotá Formation, Colombia). Ameghiniana. DOI:

HerreraF., Shi G., Bickner M., Ichinnorov N., Leslie A, Herendeen P.S., Crane P.R. 2021. Early Cretaceous (abietoid) Pinaceae from Mongolia and the evolution of seed scale shedding. American Journal of Botany. DOI: 10.1002/ajb2.1713   

Carvalho, Mónica R., Carlos Jaramillo, Felipe de la Parra, Dayenari Caballero-Rodríguez, Fabiany Herrera°, Scott Wing, Benjamin L. Turner, Carlos D'Apolito, Millerlandy Romero-Báez, Paula Narváez, Camila Martínez, Mauricio Gutierrez, Conrad Labandeira, German Bayona, Milton Rueda, Manuel Paez-Reyes, Dairon Cárdenas, Álvaro Duque, James L. Crowley, Carlos Santos and Daniele Silvestro. 2021. Extinction at the end-Cretaceous and the origin of modern Neotropical rainforests. Science 372 (6537), 63-68.

Carvalho M.R., HerreraF., Gómez S., Martínez C., Espitia J.E., Jaramillo C. 2021. Early records of Melastomataceae from the middle-late Paleocene rainforests of South America conflict with Laurasian origins. International Journal of Plant Sciences.

Iler A.M., P.J. CaraDonna, J.R.K. Forrest, E. Post. 2021. Demographic consequences of phenological shifts in response to climate change. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 52. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-ecolsys-011921-032939

Shi G L, Li J G, Tan T, Dong C, Li Q L, Wu Q, Zhang B L, Yin S X, Herrera F, Herendeen P S, Crane P R. 2021. Age of the Huolinhe Formation in the Huolinhe Basin, eastern Inner Mongolia, China: Evidence from U-Pb zircon dating and palynological assemblages. Journal of Stratigraphy, 45(1): 69-81. DOI: 10.19839/j.cnki.dcxzz.2021.0001.

Fitzgerald, J.L., Stuble, K.L., Nichols, L.M., Diamond, S.E., Wentworth, T.R., Pelini, S.L., Gotelli, N.J., Sanders, N.J., Dunn, R.R. and Penick, C.A., 2021. Abundance of spring‐and winter‐active arthropods declines with warming. Ecosphere, 12(4), p.e03473.

Spence, E.S., J. B. Fant, O. Gailing, M.P. Griffith, K. Havens, A.L. Hipp, P. Kadav, A. Kramer, P. Thompson, R. Toppila, M. Westwood, J. Wood, B.A. Zumwalde, S. Hoban. 2021. Comparing genetic diversity in three threatened oaks. Forests 12: 561.


Foxx, A. J. and A.T. Kramer. 2021. Hidden variation: cultivars and wild plants differ in trait variation with surprising root trait outcomes. Restoration Ecology 29, e13336. 

Griffith, M.P., F. Cartwright, M. Dosmann, J. Fant, E. Freid, K. Havens, B. Jestrow, A.T. Kramer, T.M. Magellan, A.W. Meerow, A. Meyer, V. Sanchez, E. Santiago-Valentín, E. Spence, J.A. Sutasche-Sustache, J. Francisco-Ortega, S. Hoban. 2021. Ex situ conservation of large and small plant populations illustrates limitations of common conservation metrics. International Journal of Plant Sciences.

Hui, C., D.M. Richardson, P. Landi, H.O. Minoarivelo, H.E. Roy, G. Latombe, X. Jing, P.J. CaraDonna, D. Gravel, B. Beckage, and J. Molofsky. 2021. Trait positions for elevated invasiveness in adaptive ecological networks. Biological Invasions.

CaraDonna, P. J., L. Burkle, B. Schwarz, J. Resasco, T. Knight, G. Benadi, N. Blüthgen, C. Dormann, Q. Fang, J. Fründ, B. Gauzens, C. Kaiser-Bunbury, R. Winfree, and D.P. Vazquez. 2021. Seeing through the static: the temporal dimension of plant-animal mutualistic networks. Ecology Letters 24: 149–161

Takahashi M., Herendeen PS., HerreraF., Hirayama M., Ando H., Sasaki K., Crane PR. 2021. A New Assemblage of Plant Mesofossils (Late Turonian–Middle Santonian; Upper Cretaceous) from the Tamagawa Formation, Kuji Group, in Northeastern Japan. Paleontological Research, 25 (2):120-126.

Gardner, E.M., D. Arifiani, and N.J.C. Zerega2021Artocarpus bergii (Moraceae), a new species in the breadfruit clade from the Moluccas. Systematic Botany 46(1) (2021). 

Taddeo, S., Dronova, I. and Harris, K. 2021. Greenness, texture, and spatial relationships predict floristic diversity across wetlands of the conterminous United States, ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 175(March), pp: 236–246. 10.1016/j.isprsjprs.2021.03.012.

Dronova, I., Taddeo, S., Hemes, K.S., Knox, S.H., Valach, A., Oikawa, P.Y., Kasak, K., Baldocchi, D.D., 2021. Remotely sensed phenological heterogeneity of restored wetlands: linking vegetation structure and function. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 296:108215.

McDonnell°, A., Moore, C., Schuette, S., Martine, C. 2021. Population genomics and conservation of Erigenia bulbosa (Apiaceae), an edge-of-range species in Pennsylvania. International Journal of Plant Sciences.

Moore, C., McDonnell°, A., Schuette, S., and Martine, C. 2021. Lepidopteran granivore reduces seed counts in a rare species of riparian scour prairies. Natural Areas Journal 41(1).

Evers SM, TM Knight, DW Inouye, TEX Miller, R Salguero-Gomez, AM Iler, A Compagnoni. 2021. Lagged and dormant-season climate better predict plant vital rates than climate during the growing season. Global Change Biology 27: 1927–1941

Richardson, L.K, M.K. Gallagher, T. E. Hayes, A.S. Gallinat, G. Kiefer, K. Manion, M. Jenkins", G. Diersen', and S. Wagenius. 2021. Competition for pollination and isolation from mates differentially impact four stages of pollination in a model grassland perennial. Journal of Ecology: 109: 1356– 1369.  PBC grad student    PBC grad student

Selected Publications: 2020 

Balazs, K. R., A. T. Kramer, S. M. Munson, N. Talkington*, S. Still, and B. J. Butterfield. 2020. The right trait
in the right place at the right time: Matching traits to environment improves restoration outcomes.
Ecological Applications. 30(4): e02110.

Bramon-Mora, B., E. Shin, P.J. CaraDonna, and D. Stouffer. 2020 (in press). Untangling the seasonal
dynamics of plant-polliantor communities. Nature Communications.

CaraDonna, P. J. and N.M. Waser. 2020. Temporal flexibility in structure of plant-pollinator interaction
networks. Oikos.

Cordes, L., D. Blumstein, K. Armitage, P.J. CaraDonna, D. Childs, B. Gerber, J. Martin, M. Oli, and
A. Ozgul.2020.  Contrasting effects of climate change on seasonal survival of a hibernating mammal.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA. 117: 18119–18126 

*Gardner, E.M., A. Chaveerach, R. Sudmoon, and N.J.C. Zerega. Two new species of Artocarpus (Moraceae) from Thailand and Vietnam. Phytotaxa Vo1. 453, No. 2;

Gijsman, F., K. Havens, and P. Vitt. 2020. Lifetime fecundity of a threatened Great Lakes endemic, Cirsium
pitcheri. Global Ecology and Conservation.

Griffith, M. P., T. Clase, P. Toribio, Y. E. Piñeyro, F. Jimenez, X. Gratacos, V. Sanchez, A. Meerow, A. Meyer,
A. T. Kramer, J. Fant, K. Havens, T. M. Magellan, M. Dosmann, and S. Hoban. 2020. Can a botanic
garden metacollection better conserve wild plant diversity? A case study comparing pooled collections to
an ideal sampling model. International Journal of Plant Sciences 181(5): 485-496. 

*Gruver, A.M., and P. J. CaraDonna. 2020 (in press). First records of Megachile apicalis (Hymenoptera:
Megachilidae) from Illinois found in heavily urbanized areas within the City of Chicago. The Great Lakes

Hoban, S, T. Callicrate, J. Clark, J., S. Deans*, M. Dosmann, J. Fant, O. Gailing, K. Havens, A.Hipp, P. Kadav, A.
Kramer, M. Lobell, T. Magellan, A. Meyer, M. Pooler, E.Spense, P. Thompson, R. Toppila, S. Walsh, M.
Westwood, J. Wood*, P. Griffith (2020) Taxonomic similarity does not predict necessary sample size for
ex situ conservation: a comparison among five genera Proceedings. Biological Sciences, 287(1926),

Sahu, S.k., M. Liu, Yssel, R. Kariba, S. Jiang, B. Song, S. Muthemba, P.S. Hendre, R. Jamnadass, S.M. Kao, N.J.C. Zerega, X. Xu, H. Yang, A. Van Deynze,Y. Van de Peer,X. Liu and H. Liu. 2020. Draft Genomes of two Artocarpusplants, Jackfruit (A. heterophyllus) and Breadfruit (A.altilis). Genes 11(1). pii: E27.

Schwarz, B., D.P. Vázquez, P.J. CaraDonna, T.M. Knight, G. Benadi, C. Dormann, B. Gauzens, E.
Motivans, J. Resasco, N. Blüthgen, L. Burkle, Q. Fang, C.N. Kaiser-Bunbury, R. Alarcón, N. Chacoff, S.
Huang, C. Olito, T. Petanidou, C. Rasmussen, M. Simanonok, and J. Fründ. 2020. Temporal scale-dependence of plant-pollinator networks. Oikos. 

St. Clair, A.B., Dunwiddie, P.W., Fant, J.B., Kaye, T.N., Kramer, A.T. 2020. Mixing source populations
increases genetic diversity of restored rare plant populations. Restoration Ecology. 28(3): 583-593.

Taddeo S, Dronova I. 2020. Landscape metrics of post-restoration vegetation dynamics in wetland
ecosystems. Landscape Ecology 35:275–292.

Vitt, P.L., K. Havens, C.J. Jolls, T. Knight. 2020. Spatial and temporal factors influence the roles of exotic
and native plant species in plant-pollinator networks. Ecosphere 11(2):e02981.

*Warneke, C.R., P. Vitt and K. Havens. 2020. Laboratory feeding preferences of three Larinus weevil
species on a threatened thistle and a co- occurring invasive knapweed: Implications for host
choice and conservation. The American Midland Naturalist 183: 164-179.

*Wood, J., J. D. Ballou, T. Callicrate, J. B. Fant, M. P. Griffith, A. T. Kramer, R. C. Lacy, A. Meyer, S.
Sullivan, K. Traylor-Holzer, S. K. Walsh, and K. Havens. 2020. Applying the zoo model to conservation of
threatened exceptional plant species. Conservation Biology. Online early. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13503

*Zeldin, J., T. Lichtenberger*, A. Foxx*, E. R. Williams, and A. T. Kramer. 2020. Intraspecific functional trait
structure of restoration-relevant species: implications for restoration seed sourcing. Journal of Applied
Ecology. 57(5): 864-874.

Selected Publications: 2019

Bandara, R.G., J. Finch, J. L. Walck, S.N. Hidayati, and K. Havens. 2019. Germination niche breadth and
potential response to climate change differ among three North American perennials. Folia
Geobotanica 54:5-17.

*Bruzzese, D. J., D. L. Wagner, T. Harrison, T. Jogesh, R. P. Overson, N. J. Wickett, R. A. Raguso, and K. A.
Skogen. 2019. Diversification in the microlepidopteran genus Mompha (Lepidoptera: Gelechioidea:
Momphidae) is explained more by tissue specificity than host plant family. PLoS ONE. 14(6)

Cameron, E., M. Sundqvist, S. Keith, P.J. CaraDonna, E. Mousing, K. Nilsson, D. Metcalfe, and A.
Classen. 2019.  Uneven global distribution of food web studies under climate change. Ecosphere. 10(3):e02645.

Fant, J. B., Fluckes, M, James, E. , Noble, H., & *Wood, J. (2019). Characterization of microsatellite loci in
Brighamia insignis and transferability to other genera in the Hawai‘ian lobelioid group. 7(11), 1–6. 

*Finch, J., J. L. Walck, S. N. Hidayati, A. T. Kramer, V. Lason, and K. Havens. 2019. Germination niche
breadth varies inconsistently among three Asclepias congeners along a latitudinal gradient. Plant Biology
21(3). 425-438.

Forrest, J.R.K., R. Cross, and P.J. CaraDonna. 2019. Two-year bee, or not two-year bee? How voltinism is
affected by temperature and season-length in a high-elevation solitary bee. The American Naturalist.193:

*A.J Foxx, R.S. Barak, T.M. Lichtenberger*, L.K. Richardson*, A.J. Rodgers, E.W. Williams. 2019. Evaluating the prevalence and quality of conference codes of conduct. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116 (30): 14931-14936.

Griffith, M. P., Beckman, E., Callicrate, T., Clark, J., Clase, T., *Deans, S., ...Fant, J.B., *Wood, J. (2019). TOWARD THE METACOLLECTION: Safeguarding plant diversity and coordinating conservation collections. Botanic
Gardens Conservation International - US. San Marino, US.

Havens, K., C.L. Jolls, T.M. Knight and P. Vitt. 2019. We should know if a tool works (and how dangerous
it is) before we use it: Response to Hinz et al. BioScience,

Havens, K., C.L. Jolls, T.M. Knight and P. Vitt. 2019. Risks and Rewards: Assessing the Effectiveness and
Safety of Invasive Plant Biocontrol. BioScience 69:247-258.

Iler, A.M., A. Compagnoni, D.W. Inouye, J.L. Williams, P.J. CaraDonna, A. Anderson, T.E.X. Miller. 2019. 
Reproductive losses due to advanced flowering phenology under climate change do not threaten plant
population viability in a perennial herb. Journal of Ecology.107: 1931–1943.

Jolls, C.L., J.N Inkster, B.G. Scholtens, P. Vitt, K. Havens. 2019. Rare but important: An endemic plant and
the plant-insect visitor network of a dune ecosystem. Global Ecology and Conservation

Kildisheva, O. A., T. E. Erickson, A. T. Kramer, J. Zeldin*, and D. J. Merritt. 2019. Optimizing physiological
dormancy break of understudied cold desert perennials to improve seed-based restoration. Journal of Arid
Environments 170:104001.

Kim, E. S., Zaya, D. N., Fant, J. B., & Ashley, M. V. (2019). Reproductive trade-offs maintain bract color
polymorphism in Scarlet Indian paintbrush (Castilleja coccinea). PloS One, 11–14. 

Kramer, A.T., B. Crane, J. Downing, J. Hamrick, K. Havens, A. Highland, S. Jacobi, T.N. Kaye, E. Lonsdorf, J.
Ramp-Neale, A. Novy, P. Smouse, D. Tallamy, A. White, J. Zeldin*. 2019. Risks, rewards, and
realities when selecting native plants for different planting contexts. Restoration Ecology.  

Kramer, A. T., B. Crane, J. Downing, J. L. Hamrick, K. Havens, A. Highland, S. Jacobi, T. N. Kaye, E.
Lonsdorf, J. Ramp, A. Novy, P. E. Smouse, D. W. Tallamy, A. White*, and J. Zeldin*. 2019. Sourcing
native plants to support ecosystem function in different planting contexts. Restoration Ecology 27:470-476.

*Ksiazek-Mikenas, K., Fant, J. B., & Skogen, K. A. (2019). Pollinator-Mediated Gene Flow Connects Green
Roof Populations Across the Urban Matrix: A Paternity Analysis of the Self-Compatible Forb Penstemon
hirsutus. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 7(August), 299. 

*Mikenas, K., J. Fant, and K. Skogen. 2019. Pollinator-mediated gene flow connects green roof populations
across the urban matrix: a paternity analysis of the self-compatible forb Penstemon hirsutus. Frontiers in
Ecology and Evolution. 7: 299. DOI: 10.3389/fevo.2019.00299 

Oldfield, S., P. Olwell, N. Shaw, and K. Havens. 2019. Seeds of Restoration Success: Wild Lands and Plant
Diversity in the U.S. Springer.

Skogen, K., R. Overson, E. Hilpman, and J. Fant. 2019. Hawkmoth pollination facilitates long distance
pollen dispersal and reduces isolation across a gradient of land-use change. Annals of the Missouri
Botanical Garden. 104(3): 495-511.

Skogen, K. A., Overson, R.P., Hilpman, E. T., & Fant, J. B. (2019). Hawkmoth pollination facilitates long-
distance pollen dispersal and reduces isolation across a gradient of land-use. Annals of the Missouri Botanical GardenMissouri Bptanic Garden, 104(Fall), 495–511. 

Taddeo S, Dronova I, Depsky N (2019) Spectral vegetation indices of wetland greenness: Responses to
vegetation structure, composition, and spatial distribution. Remote Sensing of Environment 234:111467.

Taddeo S, Dronova I, Harris K (2019) The potential of satellite greenness to predict plant diversity
among wetland types, ecoregions, and disturbance levels. Ecological Applications 29(7).

Taddeo S, Dronova I (2019) Geospatial tools for the large-scale monitoring of wetlands in the San
Francisco estuary: Opportunities and challenges. San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science 17(2)

*Witherup, C.E., M.I. Zuberi, S. Hossain, and N.J.C. Zerega. 2019. Genetic Diversity of Bangladeshi Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) over Time and Across Seedling Sources. Journal of Economic Botany

Zerega, N.J.C., *Gardner, E., Wan Zakaria, W. & Puad, A.S.A. 2019. Artocarpus annulatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species2019:   

Zerega, N.J.C and E.M. Gardner.* 2019. Delimitation of the new tribe Parartocarpeae (Moraceae) is supported by a 333-gene phylogeny and resolves tribal level Moraceae taxonomy. Phytotaxa388 (4): 253–265.